Who could resist those adorable doggie grins and large brown eyes? Can a small treat from the table or snooping around in Mom or Dad's belongings be toxic foods for dogs? That depends on what it is and what is inside. It can hurt your dog if it contains the sweetener xylitol. In actuality, there are many human foods that your dog must never consume. Some ordinary meals may surprise you when it comes to how toxic they might be for dogs.

Read on to find out which meals are acceptable to feed your dog and which would send him straight to the emergency vet before feeding him things that you love. And keep in mind that canine obesity, a serious health risk, can result from even healthful foods eaten in excess. As your dog's primary diet, make sure to purchase high-quality dog food.

Why Are Some Foods Toxic to Dogs?

Some foods are poisonous to dogs. But why? Can we consume everything that exists today? NO. because some of these items include potentially harmful ingredients, like the leaves and shells of cashews. Cashew nuts are a favourite source of minerals, unsaturated fat, and fibre. However, phenolic lipids, cardanol, and anacardic acid are present in the cashew nut's shell as well as its leaves. When consumed, these toxins can be detrimental to people. Dogs are similar to people.

toxic foods for dogs

When we state that a particular food is dangerous for dogs, we mean that it contains some canine-poisonous substances. We can discuss Xylitol, which is frequently contained in sweet foods, as an example. Xylitol is used to sweeten candy, gum, toothpaste, baked goods, and some diet meals. It can result in liver failure and a reduction in your dog's blood sugar. Vomiting, drowsiness, and difficulties with coordination are among the early signs. Your dog might eventually experience seizures. In a few days, the liver may fail.

Fruits And Vegetables That Are Poisonous to Dogs

It's understandable to want to reward your dog by giving him table scraps or your favourite people's food snack instead of a canine treat. But these can be toxic foods for dogs. Knowing which fruits and vegetable dogs can eat is essential because while many human foods are totally fine for dogs, some are seriously harmful and even dangerous.

Toixc Foods for Dogs - Fruits

Avocado: The pit, skin, and leaves of avocados contain the poison persin, which commonly leads dogs to vomit and suffer diarrhoea. Dogs cannot tolerate the fleshy inside of the fruit, although it contains less persin than the rest of the plant.

toxic foods for dogs

Cherry: Cherry plants are poisonous to dogs because they contain cyanide, except in the fleshy area surrounding the seed. Your dog's blood cells acquire insufficient oxygen because cyanide obstructs the transport of oxygen within cells. If your dog eats cherries, keep an eye out for cyanide poisoning signs including dilated pupils, breathing difficulties, and red gums.

Grapes: Grapes and raisins (dried grapes) are exceedingly poisonous to all canines, regardless of their breed, sexual orientation, or age. These fruits can result in renal failure even while the poisonous chemical is unknown. It is best to steer clear of giving grapes and raisins to dogs until more is known about the poison.

Tomatoes: While green tomato plant parts are harmful due to a substance called solanine, ripe tomatoes are widely thought to be good for canines. Even though a dog would need to eat a sizable amount of the tomato plant to become ill, it is best to completely avoid tomatoes just to be safe.

Grapefruit: Although a dog can eat grapefruit flesh, it's best to avoid coercing him. He might experience issues after eating grapefruit, such as loose stools and vomiting. Because grapefruits contain such high levels of citric acid, they may upset your dog's digestive tract. Essential oils found in the rind are poisonous to dogs.

Toxic Foods for Dogs

Toixc Foods for Dogs - Vegetables

Mushrooms: Dogs may be poisoned by wild mushrooms. Only 50–100 of the 50,000 types of mushrooms that exist around the globe are toxic, but those that are can seriously harm or even kill your dog. Although washed white retail mushrooms might be okay to eat, it's best to be cautious than sorry.

Onions: Almost all pets, especially cats, are fatally poisoned by allium plants, which include onions, leeks, and chives. Giving your dog onions might cause red blood cell rupture, nausea, vomiting, diarrhoea, and stomach pain. Although all dogs are highly susceptible to onion poisoning, Japanese dog breeds like Akitas and Shibas are more seriously afflicted than other canine species.

Toxic Foods for Dogs

Garlic: Dogs may be poisoned by the disulfides and thiosulphates found in garlic. Heinz body anaemia, methemoglobinemia, and hemolytic anaemia are all manifestations of damage to red blood cells and are brought on by the consumption of garlic. In essence, the components in garlic can make the red blood cells moving through the body of your pet extremely fragile and prone to rupture.

Asparagus: Although giving asparagus to dogs isn't strictly harmful, it serves no real purpose. Fresh asparagus is too bitter to eat, and by the time it is boiled until it is soft enough for dogs to chew, most of its nutritional content has been lost. In general, it's best to do something more beneficial if you wish to share a veggie.

Toxic Foods For Dogs - What About Dairy Products?

Do dairy products count as toxic foods for dogs? The lactose content of dairy products is the main problem for dogs. The issue is that dogs' digestive systems frequently exhibit lactose intolerance, especially in adult dogs. An enzyme called lactase aids in the digestion of lactose by breaking it down. No matter how cheerfully your dog consumes the food, drink, or other substance, the more lactose it contains, the less probable it is that your dog will like the consequences.


Like most mammals, pups suckle cheerfully and voraciously throughout the first few months of their lives from their mother's milk. However, as they reach adulthood, the majority of dogs are unable to create enough lactase to metabolise and digest lactose, a sugar found naturally in milk.

Not all dogs are lactose intolerant, and each dog may have a different threshold for milk. Most mature dogs can experience diarrhoea, upset stomach, and excessive gas when they consume enough milk, or enough of any meal or drink with enough lactose. It is ideal to completely prevent the risk of dehydration that comes along with severe diarrhoea in weaned pups and older dogs with picky digestive systems.


Most cheeses contain significantly less lactose than milk, and many varieties are suitable for dogs in moderation. You can offer a tiny amount of cheese to a dog if you have some on hand that are low in fat, salt, and lactose.

This includes not just blocks, wheels, and slices of processed cheese, but also cottage cheese and cream cheese. If the cottage cheese is low-sodium and low-fat, it can be a great treat for dogs when given in tiny portions.

Toxic Foods for Dogs


You'll frequently hear or read that while uncooked, raw eggs are unsafe for dogs to consume, cooked eggs—whether boiled, scrambled, poached, or in any other way—are. Salmonella and Escherichia coli, the two most common bacterial causes of food poisoning, are two examples of the potentially harmful bacteria in raw eggs.

Raw egg whites contain trace levels of the protein avidin. By limiting the B-vitamins a dog needs, this protein can harm a dog's skin and coat if consumed in large enough numbers. However, the egg yolk has enough of the B-vitamin biotin to perhaps correct an imbalance in avidin. Confusing? Try to restrict your dog's access to raw eggs overall. On the other hand, properly cooked eggs are completely secure.

Ice cream

As we've seen, many dogs' digestive systems struggle with lactose intolerance. Although most store-bought ice cream has a lower lactose content than milk, it may still include excessive amounts of sugar and other sweeteners that are unhealthy for dogs. Your dog might be able to enjoy a tiny amount of this traditional summertime treat if you limit the ice cream to very small portions and use low to no sugar or artificial sweeteners. But if it contains chocolate, stay away from it.


A dairy product that receives a loud "Yes" at last. Yoghurt with live bacteria, a low-fat content, and no artificial sweeteners can help a dog with an upset stomach when consumed in moderation.

Other Foods That Are Poisonous to Dogs

Everybody loves their dogs and wants to see them joyfully. However, even the finest intentions may lead to unfavourable outcomes. The good news is that a little bit of knowledge about toxic foods for dogs may ensure your good intentions are rewarded. Knowing which human meals your cherished pet can digest and which ones might necessitate an urgent trip to the clinic is vital before sneaking your dog or cat that extra nibble beneath the table.

Chocolate: Most people are aware that dogs shouldn't eat chocolate. Theobromine is the source of the problem in chocolate. Dark chocolate and unsweetened baking chocolate are the most unsafe varieties. Even white chocolate contains it. Additionally, it includes methylxanthines, a stimulant that can halt a dog's metabolic process and is extremely poisonous. A dog may experience diarrhoea and vomiting after eating chocolate. It can also cause cardiac issues, tremors, seizures, and even death.

Toxic Foods for Dogs

Coffee: The majority of pets are adversely affected by caffeine, so avoid giving it to your dogs, cats, and tiny animals. Caffeine is more difficult for animals to digest than chocolate, and its adverse effects can be fatal. While the majority of us would never knowingly give our pets caffeine, we have no qualms about discarding discarded tea bags and coffee filters. When no one is home, many dogs prefer nothing more than to raid the trash, so unintended catastrophic amounts of caffeine ingestion frequently occur. Never leave an unfinished cup of coffee, energy drink, or caffeine diet pill in an area that is easy to access to protect your pets.

Macadamia Nuts: Never let your dog consume macadamia nuts. These are some of the foods that are most harmful to dogs. The Proteaceae family plant, macadamia nuts, can lead to nausea, a rise in body temperature, difficulty walking, and drowsiness. Worse still, they may harm the nervous system. Symptoms often start to show up 12 hours after intake and might linger for 24 to 48 hours.

Toxic Foods for Dogs

Alcohol: Alcohol poses a threat to practically all kinds of animals. The effects that alcohol has on a dog or cat's nervous system are comparable to those that alcohol has on a human being. They become uncoordinated and sleepy. Their breathing and heart rate will slow down if they are exposed to more alcohol.

Salty Foods: Large salt intakes may result in increased urine and thirst, or even sodium ion poisoning in animals. Vomiting, diarrhoea, depression, tremors, an increased body temperature, and seizures are symptoms that your pet may have consumed too many salty foods. As a result, we advise against giving your pets treats like potato chips, pretzels, and salted popcorn.

Xylitol: Xylitol is used as a sweetener in numerous items, including toothpaste, gum, candy, and baked goods. It might trigger the release of insulin, which might lead to liver failure. An increase in insulin causes hypoglycemia (lowered sugar levels). Some of the initial signs of toxicosis include vomiting, sleepiness, and lack of coordination. Symptoms may lead to seizures. Liver failure and increased liver enzyme levels can be seen after a few days.

Toxic Foods for Dogs

Almonds: Almonds may not always be poisonous to dogs like macadamia nuts are, but if not completely chewed, they can obstruct the oesophagus or even rip the windpipe. Salted almonds are particularly hazardous since they can cause dogs with a heart condition to retain more water, which might be fatal.

Cinnamon: It's probably best to stay away from cinnamon even though it's not toxic to dogs. Dogs' mouths might become irritated by cinnamon and its oils, which can make them feel uneasy and ill. It can drastically drop a dog's blood sugar, which can cause vomiting, diarrhoea, an altered heart rate, and potentially liver illness. Cinnamon can make someone cough, choke, and have trouble breathing if they inhale it as a powder.

Sugary Food: Concerning cookies, avoid giving your dog any treats that have a lot of added sugar. Your dog will have the same side effects as the people who consume excessive amounts of sugar, including weight gain, dental rot, and potentially diabetes.

Toxic Foods for Dogs

Raw Meat And Fish: They can also contain bacteria that result in food illness, just like raw eggs. The parasite that causes "fish disease" or "salmon poisoning disease" can also be found in several species, including salmon, trout, shad, and sturgeon. Though it can be treated, seek assistance straight away. Vomiting, fever, and enlarged lymph nodes are the initial symptoms. Before feeding your dog, thoroughly cook the fish and meat.

12 Foods That Are Not Toxic for Dogs

Not all human foods are poisonous to dogs. Enjoy the foods listed below with your dog! But keep in mind that the secret to a healthy life is moderation.

Apples: Apples are a fantastic source of fibre, and vitamins A and C. Due to their low protein and fat content, they are the perfect food for elderly dogs. Just make sure you take off the seeds and core first. Try them frozen for a cold-weather snack. Additionally, it's a part of dog treats with an apple flavour.

Cashews: Dogs can enjoy cashews, but only in small quantities. Although they offer calcium, magnesium, antioxidants, and proteins, these nuts are less fattening than others. However, consuming too many of them may result in weight gain and other problems associated with fat. Cashews make a tasty treat if they are unsalted.

Banana: When used sparingly, bananas are a great low-calorie treat for dogs. They are rich in copper, biotin, fibre, vitamins, and potassium. Bananas are low in cholesterol and sodium, but due to their high sugar content, they should only be offered to dogs as a treat. You shouldn't include them frequently in your dog's diet.

Blueberries: Antioxidants, which are present in large quantities in blueberries, guard against oxidative stress in both human and canine cells. In addition, they contain a lot of fibre and phytochemicals. Have you taught your dog to catch treats in the air? Consider blueberries as a substitute for ready-to-eat from the store.

Coconut: Lauric acid, found in coconuts, aids in the defence against bacteria and viruses. It also helps with bad breath and can be used to treat skin conditions like flea allergies, hot spots, and itchy skin. Coconut milk and coconut oil are additionally risk-free for canines.

Foods That Are Not Toxic for Dogs

Fish: Fish gives your dog a fantastic health boost because it is full of healthy fats and amino acids. Salmon is particularly healthy since it's high in vitamins and protein; sardines are healthy because they have soft, digestible bones that provide extra calcium. Make sure to remove every microscopic bone, excluding those in sardines. Don't give your dog more than twice a weekly worth of fish.

Honey: Vitamins A, B, C, D, E, and K, potassium, calcium, magnesium, copper, and antioxidants are just a few of the many nutrients found in honey. Giving dogs little quantities of honey can help with allergies because it gradually introduces pollen into their systems and helps them build immunity to local allergens. Honey can be administered topically to treat superficial cuts and burns in addition to being ingested.

Pumpkin: For dogs, pure pumpkin is a highly healthy treat. In addition to helping your dog's skin and coat, it is good for digestion and can treat both diarrhoea and constipation. However, you shouldn't ever feed your dog a pumpkin pie mix. Ensure that the pumpkin in the canned pumpkin you buy is the only ingredient.

Carrots: Carrots are a fantastic low-calorie snack since they are also rich in beta-carotene, which is a precursor to vitamin A, and fibre. This orange vegetable, which is delicious to crunch on and is great for your dog's teeth, is also a common ingredient in dog diets.

Green Beans: All forms of green beans, as long as they are plain, are fine for dogs to consume, whether they are chopped, steamed, raw, or canned. Green beans include a lot of fibre, few calories, and important vitamins and minerals. Use low- or no-salt versions of green beans if you plan to feed your dog canned ones.

Peanuts: As opposed to almonds, peanuts are suitable for dogs to eat. They are a great source of proteins and healthy fats for your dog. Just make careful to provide peanuts in moderation because giving your dog too much fat can cause pancreatic problems. Don't eat salted peanuts either.

Grains: It is acceptable for dogs to consume grains; they are not required to be grain-free. In actuality, cereals like corn and wheat are excellent providers of fibre, vital fatty acids, and protein. But it depends on your dog. If your dog has particular sensitivities, it could be preferable to avoid grains. Consult your veterinarian for advice.

Signs to Tell if Your Dog Ate Toxic Foods

These clinical symptoms can suggest if your dog ate toxic foods for dogs, chemical, poisonous plant, or spoiled dog food in addition to a broken plant, empty bottle, or missing food. The following list is not exhaustive, but it will give you a general sense of the indicators to watch for if you think your dog may have consumed poisonous foods. Identifying these symptoms will help your veterinarian to do appropriate tests and a thorough physical examination.

Signs to Tell if Your Dog Ate Toxic Foods

Clinical indications of canine poisoning include:

Gastrointestinal signs: vomiting, diarrhoea, extreme salivation, loss of appetite, and nausea or dry heaving

Internal bleeding: indicated by pale gums, a racing heart, coughing up or vomiting blood, weakness or lethargy, or collapsing

Kidney failure: increased or decreased urination, increased drinking as well as lack of appetite, vomiting, or diarrhoea

Liver failure: yellow gums, acting abnormally or dully as well as tarry stool (melena), vomiting, diarrhoea, or collapsing due to low blood sugar.

What to do if They Consume Toxic Foods For Dogs

If you suspect your dog has eaten some toxic foods for dogs, follow these steps:

  • Check that your dog is breathing normally, is awake, and is acting normally.
  • Keep your dog away from the poisoned source. Keep any labels that contain product or object information and make a note of what was consumed. That will support medical professionals in choosing the best course of action.
  • Use neither home treatments or cures. Additionally, refrain from making your dog throw up before consulting a vet. Vomiting may be the best strategy, but depending on what your dog consumes and what is going on within the dog's body, it may also be dangerous.
  • As soon as you can, give your veterinarian or the nearby emergency veterinary facility a call. The more quickly you seek medical attention for dog poisoning, the greater the probability that your dog will recover.


Your dog will naturally be happier and healthier if you steer clear of these toxic foods for dogs. Although they cannot communicate with you, you can assume that they appreciate your consideration for their digestive health! Your dog might be a little miffed that they couldn't have a portion of your macadamia nut cookie, though.

August 27, 2022 — Inamul haque